Wool and how it is made

by Daniela Reiser

Now that fall is here, winter is just around the corner and temperatures are starting to drop, nothing more comfy and warm than our wool jackets, sweaters and blankets. I often wonder where and how stuff is made, where does my wool come from and for me something dear to my heart, the ethical and humane question. 


 Organic wool is becoming more and more popular. This wool is very limited in supply and much of it comes from New Zealand and Australia.  It is becoming easier to find in clothing and other products, but these products often carry a higher price. Wool is environmentally preferable (as compared to petroleum-based nylon or polypropylene) as a material for carpets.

Animal rights groups have noted issues with the production of wool, such as mulesing. 

 Wool was probably the first animal fiber to be made into cloth. The art of spinning wool into yarn developed about 4000 B.C. and encouraged trade among the nations in the region of the Mediterranean Sea.

The processing of wool involves four major steps. First comes shearing, followed by sorting and grading, making yarn and lastly, making fabric.

In most parts of the world, sheep are sheared once a year, in early spring or early summer. The best wool comes from the shoulders and sides of the sheep.


Great website source:



If you are looking for organic hand dyed yarn, check out this website:


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Check out New Merino Wool's website: 


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Here is a youtube clip from "How It's Made - Wool": 








As a consumer we have a choice, if you are interested in the humane practice of wool, here more information: 

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